Childhood die before reaching the mere age of five,

Childhood is one of the most important aspects of a person’s life. It is the one thing that people look back into to reminisce the good old times. Now imagine children without childhood, imagine them experiencing hardships and struggles that you did not experience as a child. Imagine your child dealing with malnutrition, poverty, and lack of education. No child deserves to suffer from serious problems that even adults should not even experience. All children should always have food on their table, not worrying about whether they are going to eat or not and most importantly have access on education especially at a precious age. Early childhood development is a priority and must be taken upon crucially.More than 200 million children below the age of five in the third world are at risk of not achieving their full growth potential because they experience the sad results of poverty, nutritional deficiencies and inadequate learning opportunities. In addition, 165 million children (one in four) are stunted, with 90 percent of those children living in Africa and Asia.  There were quite some huge improvements that were made worldwide, however, child malnutrition is still a very critical public health problem with a large human and economic costs.  Child death is also a serious problem that have not been solved.  An estimated 6 million deaths annually, far too many children die before reaching the mere age of five, but the near certainty that 200 million children today will fall far below their development potential is no less a tragedy. One of the countries that have major issues and problem regarding ECD is the Philippines. Poverty remains the most unsolved problem that the country cannot fix. Poverty impacts directly on children’s physical and intellectual growth. In the Philippines, despite the country’s recent economic progress, poverty continues to affect millions of families, most of which have young children. The problem goes beyond mere lack of income or assets for these children’s families. Behind their situation is a myriad of factors that range from lack of appropriate skills to household heads’ inability to control fertility, intertwined with lack of job opportunities and other economic problems. Statistics suggest that children that about 13.4 million of all children aged below 18 years were considered income poor. This means that they have families that did not meet the minimum food and non-food basic needs. The incidence of poverty is higher among children in larger families than in smaller families. Most children in families with seven or more members live below the poverty line, while only 15 percent of children belonging to families with only three to four members are deemed as poor. Because of poverty children in the Philippines are suffering from malnutrition and hunger. A staggering 7 million children do not have access to food or going through malnutrition. In addition, 3.4 million children found to be stunted and over 300,000 underweight – all under 5 years old. The cost of undernutrition is a burden shouldered not only by one third of Filipino children, but by the entire nation. Beyond the health implications for each individual child, malnutrition hinders a child’s capability to achieve his/her full potential as a learner and his/her future productivity as a worker and a contributor to the Philippines. Thus, malnutrition has an economic cost to everyone in the country. This report has calculated the economic impact of childhood stunting on the educational system, and also on the overall productivity of the Philippine economy. Speaking of education, national statistics indicate that only 78 out of 100 1st grade entrants have kindergarten experience. Among the 6 year olds, which is the official entry age to 1st grade, 14.5 percent are not in school and 25 percent are still in preschool. Low level of awareness of the value of early childhood education is one of the factors that affecting lack of education in the country. From the looks of it the country seemed to be a bit helpless regarding the issue, however international organizations like the UNICEF is trying to support the Philippines’ government’s thrust of expanding access to quality Early Childhood Care and Development which includes universal education for children going to Kindergarten.UNICEF, an international organization provides support to, not just the Philippines but, all around the globe in order to help children regarding their growth and development. The emotional, social and physical development of young children has a direct effect on their overall development and on the adult they will become. That is why understanding the need to invest in very young children is so important, so as to maximize their future well-being. Neurological research shows that the early years play a key role in children’s brain development. Babies begin to learn about the world around them from a very early age including during the prenatal, perinatal (immediately before and after birth) and postnatal period. Children’s early experiences the bonds they form with their parents and their first learning experiences ,deeply affect their future physical, cognitive, emotional and social development.