Everyone gets sick. While this is a fact of life many people thankfully don’t have to go into the hospital. For those few who do they are subject to all sorts of tests. Those test range from the simple as extraction and other fluids to the advanced such as medical imaging. When many talk about medical imaging many just think of something simple like getting and x-ray of a broken arm or an MRI of a person who has a concussion, but the span of things that medical imaging covers are much more vast than that. Medical imaging technology is important in healthcare because it assists in the diagnosis of medical conditions, monitors and assists in the treatment of medical conditions, and assists in surgical procedures. The research gathered here hopes to clear up many misconceptions about medical imaging and give a clear look into how it is used and what can be done with it. Diagnostics with medical imaging comes in many forms. A few are but not limited to MRI, Sonogramultrasound, Computed tomograph (also known as a CT Scan), and X-Rays. These test do expose humans to a small amount of radiation, but have no lasting effects (CITE_3). There are other types of imaging which are done using a scope. Scoping is when a doctor runs a microscopic camera into the body via a tube. These can be used to find kidney stones, polyps, and other types of cancer in the body and are used to view an organ on its own. (CITE_2) Critics make light of the fact that radiation from these tests are dangerous. For instance “CT scans for instance only make up 15% of the imaging tests in the US but 70% of radiation exposure comes from these tests” (CITE). However health is usually unaffected by this exposure (CITE_3). A new breakthrough that has come about because of imaging in diagnostics is the use of personalized medicine. Which tries to use medical imaging to create tailored treatments and early diagnosis (CITE_4). Some of the promising leads that have came out of personalized medicine include “better diagnoses, earlier interventions, more efficient drug development, more effective therapies, reduction of side effects of treatment and improved cost effectiveness” (CITE_4)Even with therapy there are more promising things on the rise. Such as cancer cures. Medical imaging is hoped to help discern between aggressive and non-aggressive types of cancered and making the following treatment plan be more tailored (CITE_6). In the same vein in will help with reducing costs and improving health by being agile enough to adjust. Such as using an MRI to detect changes in chemotherapy and being able to change drug regimens when one isn’t working earlier than before (CITE_6). Medical imaging also promising in the fact that in the following years it’ll be able to screen for a wide array of cancers which will allow for earlier detection and less cumbersome treatment. Such as the recent use of low-dose CT scans for lung cancer screenings which made it easier to find a earlier stage (CITE_6)Medical imaging also helps in the treatment of sick individuals by giving high doses of radiation to kill cancer cells (CITE). While most cancer patients undergo chemotherapy to force cancer to go into remission. Some find the treatment to be too aggressive. Radiation therapy can help with that or other side-effects of chemotherapy. (CITE) To get ready for treatment patients go through a very thorough process. They are usually referred to a doctor which runs a simulation of giving radiation, usually through a CT scanner. This allows the doctor to visualise the area before hand. The simulation helps plan out doses of radiation, treatment plan as well(CITE). There are risks involved with treatment though. Some may develop bladder and bowel issues when the radiation is used in the abdominal area. Others experience issues where the skin is irritated. This causes hair loss, and in some instances burns similar to being sunburned (CITE). Other experience dry mouth, joint pain, and fatigue. These lesser symptoms tend to go away within 2 to 3 months. Major complications if any happen at all usually at least 6 months after radiation treatment. These include not a full remission of the cancer or a second cancer based on the radiation (CITE).Finally an area left uncovered so far is that of how medical imaging is used in surgery to help create better results within patients. Many of the ways medical imaging is used is in conjunction with the other topics handled in this paper. CT Scans help doctors and surgeons visualise the area before they operate on the patient allowing for specialized data. The data is then used to plan beforehand and give more accurate results. One major way this is done is with the scoping technique covered earlier. Scoping allows for the doctor to have a real-time look at what is currently being operated on. Surgical procedures such as colonoscopies, ureteroscopies are used to probe and help look for kidney stones which are then broken up using lithotripsy (using shockwaves to break up stones). (CITE)CT Scans as well as MRI can be used to specialize different kinds of surgery as well. CT scans can be used when defining sinus anatomy and areas of the ENT (Ears, Nose, and Throat) cavities. Multiple MRI scans can be merged on the other hand can to create image markers on the skull to make high accuracy images. These include defining blood vessels and tumors (CITE_5). Ultrasonography is defined as “the passage of focused sound waves into tissue and the reflection of these back to the transducer where the change in frequency and intensity of the reflected sound is interpreted and used to form an image ” (CITE_5). As One of the most basic types of medical imaging ultrasound have been used by general surgeons to track soft organ placement during surgery. Which allows for them to make sure that no organs shift during surgery (CITE_5).Given the research that has been laid out above. The beneficial uses of medical imaging technology has proven itself to be a positive in the medical field that saves lives. While there are some issues that come with the technology the benefits have far outweighed whatever issues may come with it. Not only has it found its place as a staple in today’s modern medicine, but as it continues to evolve makes medicine a more tailored experience that is different for every patient which gives better results, and a better experience as the generic way of doing an operation is phased out. As the technology continues to grow, the number of lives that will be saved will continue to grow as well. With everything presented medical imaging isn’t just a tool of how medical procedures are done, but rather it is what medicine is today.