Abstract— Regarding to the necessity of developing sustainable concepts in the fields like tourism that are the base of long term development, in this paper we tried to analyze concepts like sustainability, carrying capacity and necessity of attending them in which we can reach these goals. Given different environments and variety of topics in attractions that here our bed is natural environment, we used qualitative Matriz (SWOT) based on taken strategies using conceptual analysis of Manning And Lime from mentioned operator and also the most visited existing tourists, orally prepared in tour that is strength of decision making in the attraction quality and help us and planners in developing to deal with probable dangers effectively that has been made attractions in exposure. Our case study is Badab Soort springs that is known as second natural place of Iran after Damavand peak. Given the importance of domestic tourism and its more positive effects inside the country and stakeholder’s extra enjoyment and many other factors, there should be more attended by officials for alike sample of country and this issue is considered due to the existence of foreign sample (Turkey), whilst tourists are attracted to this place intending many pull factors and its interests finally flow into the packet of another country. Indeed it hopes to be applied suitable priorities in macro level by local managers and planners.
Keywords— Sustainability, carrying capacity, Badab soort, tourism, SWOT.
nderstanding usage of sustainability and carrying capacity is essential in tourism development in planning and designing of environment. Environmental sustainability is consistent by maintaining ecological and biological processes, relevant resources 1. Economic sustainability, meaning that when economic development is carried out with high efficiency, is in a way that is applied the necessary comments and control over resources and can be preserved for future generations. Study addressed in here is physical aspect affecting environmental features and activities done in those places. Activities such as shopping, leisure, play tennis or golf or dinner can be done in many places but if these activities are conducted in an atmosphere of joy and happiness, will be more enjoyable. Thus the environmental quality or destination of passengers can play an important role in the success of the site. This means that if tourists, travelers and visitors know the place crowded, polluted or clean, will affect his decision in enjoying of the environment. For example, the Chernobyl nuclear accident and oil spill from a large tanker in Alaska, both lead to reduce the tourists to visit those places 2. In case of interaction between the environment and human, environment and human are palced in the spotlight. A large proportion of tourists are traveling for the purpose of experiening natural environment, and visiting monuments by doing activities such as walking, hiking, wildlife watching and scenic areas 3. The largest and most visible impact of tourism on the environment is physical damage 4. Alongside with development of environmental sustainability, development of buildings lead to improve environment that tourists need and are provided in the preservation of historical and cultural heritage that comes from local revenue tourists, and also infrastructure development, construction machinery, road construction, plumbing, water and sewage systems installation and such things and revenues from tourism are used in this way. This type of activities in developing lead to reduce pollution and improve environment quality 4, 5. The effects of tourists on the environment, depends on managerial practices and planning that should be done by the relevant organizations. More negative impacts of tourism on the environment belong to the sites that have fewer managerial control or there is no administrative actions. Many tourism activities have unplanned negative effects on the environment. Thus, sustainable tourism for minimizing such impacts and maximizing the positive effects, implement strategies for planning and managing. One of the main strategies in environmental management, is neccessity of environmental adjustment that how do the activities are done in environment bed in terms of crucial criterion are considered. Now these existing strategies and concepts for preparing initiatives must be in priority. Here we are supposed to explain basic concepts of environmentally sustainable development for providing solution according to the environment.
In this article by using qualitative SWOT matrix model approach, given the dimensions of the environment we are trying to ultimately provide strategies based on tourism operators and most visited tourists of the place that can relatively give good insight to the planners at the local level and help them developed quality of tourism destination.
Sustain Ability is a clear explanation of the concept of sustainability, the Ability of human beings to sustain. Sustainable development is defined in “Our Common Future” as meeting the needs and aspirations of the present without compromising the ability of future generation to meet their own needs 6. Creation of an environmentally responsible future requires a vision of our global community and efforts to develop, promote, and implement broader concepts of sustainable practices. Sustainability possesses many aspects of meaningful approaches summarized in the following thoughts: “…no generation can contacts debates greater than may be paid during the course of its own existence” 7. Sustainability refers to the ability of a society, ecosystem… functioning into the indefinite future without being forced into decline through exhaustion…. of key resources 8. The focus and scale of sustainability efforts depend on local conditions, including resources, politics, individual actions, and th unique features of the community.