Over the past decade,
there has been many provisions, inquiries and reports which aimed to address the
crisis of Indigenous over-incarceration in Canada. For example, in 2015, the Truth
and Reconciliation Commission’s (TRC) Calls to Action was released to the public.

In this report were twelve calls to action that address the criminal justice
action and how it serves (or fails to serve) Indigenous people in Canada. It
has been almost three years since its release, yet the government has made no real
effort to incorporate the recommendations made by the TRC. This is particularly
harmful to Indigenous people because their rate of incarceration continues to grow.

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In order to effectively combat Indigenous over-representation, the government
must be willing to address the intergenerational effects of colonial policies
past and present (e.g. poverty, sexual violence, suicide, substance abuse,
mental illness).