1.1. Topic definition and goal
This section is to determine the
reason of consideration of the research topic.
Research Topic: The importance of
meteorology in maritime transportation .
70 percent of Earth’s surface is covered by oceans which play an
essential role in the process of atmospheric circulation, that is why meteorology is to observe the
weather over the oceans, which allows navigational deck officers to execute
voyage planning properly and avoid perils and risks at sea by forecasting the
weather with different means of computerized technologies and devices.
Nowadays, there are plenty of weather forecasting services provide
reliable data enabling efficient day-to-day accomplishment of on board
operations such as weather-routing, loading and discharging of cargo, and other
seagoing routine operations. Therefore, it is extremely important to have an
access to the forecast information and ability to put into practice the knowledge
in order to maintain the safety of life at sea and avoid unforeseen calamities.
A competent deck officer should possess good seamanship which combines
all the knowledge and skills to bring the vessel, crew and consignment on board
safely to the point of destination. Therefore, knowledge in meteorology in
maritime transportation is crucial.
The goal of this project is to make an
extensive research on the innovations in meteorology and the proper use of
these inventions on board according to the competence of the deck officer.
1.2 Research questions and objectives
This section is to identify which
questions will cover the research along with its objectives.
The questions are:
• To what extent meteorology in maritime industry is
• Is the crew on board qualified and certified for the
knowledge of meteorology and oceanography?
• Can the crew on board use knowledge gained and put
it into practice?
• Are the innovations relevant and what functions they
• Is the quality of the technology involved in
The objectives are:
• To collect useful
information from maritime sites, publications and internet resources
• To make a literature review and
summarize collected data
• To make a list of technical terms found
in reading sources
• To analyze the statistics and the
information found to make clear approach of the research of the meteorology in
a literature review on innovations of meteorology from credible sources such as
books, journals, and internet pages for complete understanding of topic.
an analysis of problems that can face the user while running the technology and
find possible solution.
The branch of
scientific study of atmosphere and its phenomena
study based on the description of the ocean
Detection And Ranging)
The device which uses method of determining
at a single station the direction and distance of an object. By measuring
time taken till the emitted signal will reach the distant object and return.
and Hydrological Services(NMHS)
provide weather and climate prediction models from which local and global
forecasts are generated
Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology(JCOMM)
marine meteorological and oceanographic communities which are working to respond to
interdisciplinary requirements for met/ocean observations, data management
and service products.6
collecting meteorological data placed over the oceans to send information for
weather forecasting services
A system of 24 Earth-orbiting satellites which provides
location-specific information as precise as tens of meters
System which is capturing, storing, analyzing and
managing data and associated attributes which are spatially referenced to the
IMO(International Maritime Organization)
The United Nations
specialized agency with responsibility for the safety and security of
shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships.
A processing of the collected data from
various data collecting installations and predicting weather by analysis based
International Convention adopted by IMO
Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers
Convention on Safety Of Life At Sea
The ratio of the mass of water
vapor to the total volume of the air, expressed in g/m?
The ratio of the existing amount of
water vapor in the air at a given temperature to the maximum amount that
could exist at that temperature, expressed in percent
An instrument used to measure the
water vapor content of the air.
1) Stander J. Importance
of Marine Meteorological Observations in support of services, no date.
Online Available from: https://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/www/IMOP/publications/IOM-125_TECO_2016/Session_4/K4A_Stander_JCOMM.pdf Accessed January 25 2018
Asset Integrity. Offshore weather forecasting
services, no date. Online Available from: https://www.fugro.com/our-services/marine-asset-integrity/monitoring-and-forecasting/offshore-weather-forecasting-services Accessed January 25 2018
The Mariner’s Blog. (2015) IMO Publication Carriage
Requirements On Board Vessels. Online
Available from: https://www.amnautical.com/blogs/news/17586460-imo-publication-carriage-requirements-on-board-vessels#.Wmwgyd9l-Uk Accessed January 25 2018
John L. Guiney, (2008) Innovations and New
Technology for Improved Weather Services, 57(4) Online Available from: https://public.wmo.int/en/bulletin/innovations-and-new-technology-improved-weather-services Accessed January 25 2018
The Institute of Marine Engineering, Science and
Technology (IMarEST), Oceanography or Marine
Meteorology. no date. Online Available from: https://www.imarest.org/membership/education-careers/careers-in-the-marine-profession/how-about-oceanography-or-marine-meterology
Accessed January 25 2018
The Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for
Oceanography and Marine Meteorology. no date. Online Available from: http://www.jcomm.info/
8) http://projects.knmi.nl/turbowin/ –
TurboWin, KNMI (Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute)