Zinc was discovered by Andreas Marggraf in 1746 even though European researchers already discovered the element without knowing it. Marggraf used detail in his report so they gave him the credit for discovering the element. Marggraf discovered zinc by heating carbon and calamine. Zinc is a bluish-white color. Zinc’s electron configuration is Ar 3d104s2. Zinc is a part of ZnSO4 and ZnO. Zinc is a transition metal which means it has 2 valence electrons and 4 valence shells. A physical and chemical property of zinc is ductility and malleability. Zinc has an atomic number of 30 and an atomic mass of 65.38. Its melting point is 787 degrees fahrenheit and its boiling point is 1,665 degrees fahrenheit. Zinc is found in mineral deposits.People use zinc for all kinds of reasons. The metal, zinc,can coat steel and iron so they don’t rust which is called galvanization. Half of the 12 million tons produced goes to galvanization. 97.5 percent of pennies are zinc. Zinc is in a lot of the Earth’s crust. Zinc is the fourth most consumed metal in the world. Zinc is combined with copper to make brass which is used in cars and appliances around the house. Zinc oxide is used in making rubber and as a skin ointment.Zinc can also be used for medical reasons. Not having enough zinc can stunt growth and ruin the immune system. Side effects of not having enough zinc is changes in the way you smell and taste. Zinc can cure the common cold. Studies have found that if you use zinc spray when feeling ill that the length of the cold will be reduced. On the other hand, too much zinc nasal spray can cause a permanent loss of smell. Zinc supplements may help for women who struggle with depression and irritability. A zinc compound can be used to stop potassium from leaking into the blood cells from a jellyfish sting. Plants also need zinc to grow. High levels of zinc are linked to stomach problems. Inhaling zinc oxide causes shivering called zinc chills. Oysters have the most zinc in them than any other food.Zinc is a crucial part in the meeting of sperm and egg. Without zinc the egg cannot develop. Before full maturation of the egg cell, about 15 percent of the zinc ends up in the vesicles. They are in packets under the cell’s surface. The zinc leaves the packets when the sperm and the egg meet. It’s thought of that the zinc stops the egg from letting more than one sperm in. Zinc could help women deal with infertility. The memory region of the brain hold zinc and the cells that release insulin in the pancreas. Zinc is produced in three types of deposits. They are sedimentary exhalative (Sedex), Mississippi Valley type (MVT), and volcanogenic massive sulfide (VMS). Sedimentary exhalative deposits account for half of the world’s zinc resources. The world’s largest zinc mine is developed in a sedimentary exhalative deposit. Mississippi Valley type deposits was a major source between the 1800s and the 1900s in the United States. MVT deposits are found all over the world. They get their name because they are found in the Mississippi Valley region of the United States. Volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits have large amounts of lead, copper, gold, and silver as well as zinc.In conclusion, zinc is used for many different applications around the world. It helps in the process of having children and in having a strong immune system. Zinc is a very useful element, without it people could not have made medical advances.