Torture, began to frown upon torture in any way.

Torture, is it Really Okay?Most people squirm at the thought of putting suspected terrorists on a table and pulling off their toenails. What if that prisoner knew the whereabouts of a ticking bomb, maybe a biological, chemical or even a nuclear one? Would you change your mind? Torture is a justified action for prisoners to save the lives of others. The practice of torture dates back to the earliest civilizations, it can be found on early mesopotamian and egyptian monuments. During the Roman Republic only slaves and foreigners could be tortured. It has always been regulated and used as a form of finding out the truth not punishment. But after the enlightenment people began to frown upon torture in any way. Prussia was the first country to ban torture in 1740 then countries like Austria and France shortly followed after, but some Countries like Europe just put regulations against torture so it didn’t seem as cruel (tortureum). After the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States, the US government authorized the use of so called “enhanced interrogation techniques” on terrorist suspects in US prisons. They used methods like waterboarding, confinement, and sleep deprivation.Torture has been proven to be an effective form of getting information, it may seem like cruel and unusual but if you think about it the people that are being tortured are not innocent and have done horrible things to others. On January 22, 2009, Democratic Pres. Barack Obama fulfilled a campaign pledge by ordering the closure of the facility at Guantánamo within one year and a review of ways to transfer detainees to the United States for imprisonment or trial. He also required interrogators to use only the techniques contained in the U.S. Army’s field manual on interrogation, none of which was considered torturous. But now under a new president “Torture works, President Trump said repeatedly at campaign events last year. ‘Believe me, it works.’  Torture’s opponents insist otherwise. They mean, of course, not that torture doesn’t ‘succeed’ at traumatizing souls but that it does no better than lawful interrogation methods at obtaining information for the purpose of preventing terrorist violence.” (Bloche, M. Gregg).  Guantanamo bay is a detention camp that was used to house Muslim militants and suspected terrorists captured by U.S. forces in Afghanistan, Iraq, and elsewhere. It first began in 2002 under the bush administration after 9/11. In 2006 the U.S. Supreme Court declared that the system of military commissions that was to be used to try selected prisoners held at Guantánamo was in violation of the Geneva Conventions and the Uniform Code of Military Justice. The legality of the commissions was restored in 2006 by the Military Commission Act, which also denied the federal courts jurisdiction to hear habeas corpus petitions on behalf of foreign detainees. In 2008, the court overturned the latter provision of the law by ruling that foreign detainees did have the right to challenge their detentions in the federal courts. Despite the court’s decision, several prisoners who had been cleared for release in other countries or for transfer to their home countries continued to be detained, either because no country would accept them or because their home countries were deemed too volatile to guarantee their secure imprisonment. Additionally, according to U.S. officials, the use of such techniques had in many cases, in the interrogation of Khalid Sheikh Muhammed, the alleged mastermind of the September 11 plot gave valuable information on the leadership, methods, and plans of al-Qaeda and other terrorist organizations.