This method was built depended on multiplying the expected

population number for the specific year by the average of municipality solid

waste generation rate for the last eight years (GRWA) from 2009 to 2016 as a

fixed value. The average municipality solid waste generated was determined

through dividing the average quantity of municipality solid waste (Qs) for years

2009-2016 by the average population (P) for years (2009-2016) of Sulaymaniyah

city using Eq. (3.8):

GRWA=

Where:

GRWA:

Average generation rate of municipality solid waste kg / (capita. day).

Qs(av.):

Average quantity of municipality solid waste for years (2009-2016) (kg).

P(av.):

Average Population of Sulaymaniyah city for years (2009-2016).

Eq. (3.9) (Jarabi, 2015; United Nations, 1952) was used to determine

the population for each year from 2016 until 2032.

Where:

Pt:

Future population at the end of period.

Po:

Present population for year 2016.

r:

The annual population growth rate (2.99 %)

t:

Number of years

Eq. (3.10) was used to find the produced solid waste quantity

for year 2032. Using an average of generation rate of waste for the years

2009-2016 then:

Qs:

Quantity of solid waste produced each year (ton).

The cumulative quantity of municipality solid waste generated by 2032 can be determined,

as shown in Eq. (3.11):

Where:

Qs (c):

Cumulative quantity of municipality solid waste for the specific year (tonne).

Qs (ct): Quantity

of municipality solid waste for the specific year (tonne).

Qs

(ct-1): Cumulative quantity of municipality solid waste for the last year

before specific year (tonne). In order to calculate the cumulative municipality

solid waste generated by year 2032

For illustration the cumulative quantity of municipality

solid waste in 2032 Qs(c) is equal to the quantity of municipality solid waste

produced in 2032 Qs (ct) using Eq. (3.10) plus the cumulative quantity of municipality

solid waste in 2031 Qs(nt-1) form the year 2016.