There are three questions that everyone asked themselves in their whole life; Who am I? Where did I come from? And Why am I here? So everyone always wanted to find answers to those questions. Some people find themselves on the believing in God, Jesus. Some other find themselves in believing in Buddha. Therefore, each religion will have their own answers. In the 15th century, when Bible was finally created by Constantine and everyone become Christian and a lot of Catholic Church was opened. People want to know about the answers for their biggest mystery in their life. They needed to ask the monk to read the bible for them. The bible was heavy and require a long time to copy it by hand so it was very expensive for one bible. Printing press invented was changing the society with Martin Luther’s idea.
Before the printing press was invented, books were written by hand. A large monastery had rooms called scriptoria where monks copied manuscripts. It was a slow process that could take more than a year for each book. Therefore, there were so many errors in the text during that time because the monks often made mistakes and they were not allowed to talk about it or correct mistakes. Very few books were published, and it was very expensive. Most of them were available only for the monks and scholars. Therefore, it was very hard for the lower class to reach a book, so they were mostly uneducated.
After the great invention, it helped lowering the book price since the copying job was easier. They could print a book in a shorter time and lower the cost of hiring people. In 1456, the first copied that Johannes made was the copy of the Bible, and today the Gutenberg Bible is an incredibly valuable, which was a treasured item for its historical legacy. For that, more people could have the ability to reach to the bible especially the lower class. Until the printing press was spread, it was developed into an entirely new trade. Printed texted became a new way to spread out the information to the society in a faster and a cheaper way. When people can reach the books which they were never able to buy them before, people also began to discuss and develop their education more than in the past. Thus, it helped standardize language, grammar, and spelling of the book when people do not made mistakes when copying books or Bible. The printing press changed the whole society with the way they spread the information broader and cheaper. Like nowadays the internet also changes the whole society on how to catch up the information in the “Information Age” and from it; many ideas and inventions were created.
Thanks to the printing press, more and more books were spread out, with the fast spreading speed, Martin Luther became well-known. He was a monk who had seen the rich of the Catholic church and bad side of the monks in the church. He wrote 95 theses to question the church’s trafficking in indulgences and called for a public debate. His idea spread across German with the help of the printing press. The expanded of the 95 theses, it quickly became a problem for the Catholic Church when people read and understood Luther’s idea and created Luther’s Church. Therefore, it caused reformation and created Protestantism. When Catholic Church lose out money, they want people to come back to the Church so they had spent a lot of money to counter-reformation with artist such as musical, architecture, paintings. It became the Baroque Eva. And after that, we also have the Thirty Years War which started because of the religious right.
The printing press was a significant invention, which had changed most the society and their belief. If the printing press was not invented at that time, Martin Luther may not be able to spread out the news to people, the Catholic would not put a lot of money to art, Baroque Eva would not exist and the war would not start. That invention was important and it had changed the ways to spread the information like the internet nowadays.