The Hobbit written by J.R.R. Tolkien, is one of

            The
Hobbit written by J.R.R. Tolkien, is one of the most well-known and popular
children’s literature pieces in our world today.  It is an adventurous tale in which Bilbo
Baggins, the main character, has many different encounters with many different
creatures including elves, goblins, and tolls who are on a quest to retrieve
something of their own.  Bilbo Baggins
was an unmotivated, sheepish hobbit who transformed into an active leader
through his own self-discovery and bravery.

            This fictional fantasy novel is
merely about a domestic hobbit, who is afraid to do anything outside of his
comfort zone.  Tolkien fights against the
idea of being a “home body.”  He ends us
aiding thirteen dwarves on their search to get to their gold that is being guarded
by the evil and greedy dragon, Smaug.  Although
the dwarves are wanting to recover their treasure, Bilbo is in search of his
own identity and who he really is.  What
Bilbo comes to learn eventually helps him release his over attachment to his
home.

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            The beginning of the novel is the
first example of the characterization of Bilbo’s character.  Tolkien began to describe Bilbo’s home as a “hole
in the ground” (Tolkien 3).  He also
stated that hobbit holes have the meaning of comfort.  This symbolizes Bilbo’s characteristic of
being a home body.  He was never
interested in doing things that were not done his way.  Because of this, the journey that he was
about to endure was necessary in order for him to find a new way of life and
begin to find himself and develop as a person.

            Bilbo Baggins is not one that has a
desire for change or to experience new things. 
He is very self-centered, which is why when the wizard, Gandalf, showed
up at his hole unexpectedly, Bilbo was petrified.  Gandalf began to explain to Bilbo what he was
needed to accomplish.  This cause Bilbo
to have a panic attack.  This was the
first experience that led to Bilbo’s transformation.  Soon after, the thirteen dwarves showed up at
Bilbo’s house as well.  Bilbo was
isolated and unaware of what was happening. 
As the dwarves sang, Bilbo began to realize what was possible for him to
do.  Suddenly, Bilbo began to come to, “Then
something Tookish woke up inside him, and he wished to go and see the great
mountains, and hear the pine-trees and the waterfalls, and explore the caves,
and wear a sword instead of a walking stick” (Tolkien, 19).  Bilbo then quickly returned back to his
normal self.

            Gandalf was the first to see the
potential in Bilbo.  While the dwarves
discussed Bilbo becoming one of them for the journey, Gandalf chimes in and
says, “I have chosen Mr. Baggins and that ought to be enough for all of
you.  If I say he is a Burglar, a Burglar
he is, or will be when the time comes” (Tolkien 24).  Tolkien uses Bilbo being, or becoming, a
burglar at the center of the story instead of a hero in order to humanize the
story further.  Although Gandalf sees
great potential in Bilbo, he still struggles with the idea of him going along
for the journey.  Bilbo ends up going on
the expedition, in search for his own identity.

            Bilbo had to learn how to cope
without Gandalf being around to call every shot and protect him and the others.  He had many moments in which he wished he
were back in his hobbit hole, but gradually started to become for
self-dependent.  This novel is written in
an episodic way.  Each chapter creates
its own experience and Bilbo learns a new lesson through every experience.  The first experience that Bilbo had was his burglary
attempt he had with the trolls.  Bilbo
failed to steal from the troll, which caused an argument.  Gandalf ended up rescuing them, but this was
the beginning of Bilbo’s evolvement.

            Bilbo will now have to rely solely
on his own intelligence and cleverness throughout his upcoming adventures.  His next episode occurs when the goblins
capture both him and the dwarves.  While
in the cave with the goblins, Bilbo had lost consciousness.  They had met Gollum, who does not have the
best intentions for Bilbo.  Gollum is
very self-centered and makes himself a very large obstacle for Bilbo along his
journey.  Bilbo had come across Gollum’s
ring, which allows the person who is wearing it to become invisible.  Gollum challenges Bilbo to a game of riddle,
in which Bilbo must win to be released. 
Bilbo used his own intelligence and swift to trick Gollum.  Bilbo put his ring on to become invisible,
not allowing Gollum to find him in his time of rage, tricking him again.  Jane Chance states that Bilbo’s theft was
crucial because “it provides Bilbo with the means to perform the burglary of
the dragon’s hoard- the invisibility caused by the ring.  In addition, it heightens Bilbo’s confidence
in his new vocation” (Chance 67).  This
made Bilbo think much more highly of himself and his abilities.

            Even though Bilbo is much more confident
in himself, there are more tests that he is put through.  As the gang was traveling through the forest,
they get attacked and captured by giant spiders.  Bilbo steps up for his friends, and kills the
spider with his sword.  This was a major
turning point for Bilbo in the story because it shows that Bilbo has not only
come out of his comfort zone, but has also began to look out for others around
him and step up as their leader.  The
rest of his group gained much more respect for him and began to look up at
him.  When the group approaches the
Castle, Bilbo endures another expedition. 

            Bilbo continues to wear the ring of
invisibility and while he was, the dwarves were captured by the Elves of
Mirkwood.  Bilbo began to plot out a way
to save his friends, not relying on anything else to help him do so.  This is a clear point of when Bilbo’s bravery
really comes to be.  He uses he own integrity,
intelligence, and courage to save the dwarves. 
Bilbo comes to the conclusion that the only way to save the dwarves is
to send everybody across the river.  This
was the main point in which Bilbo was observed as a real leader.