Tajikistan poverty in Tajikistan remains one of the main

Tajikistan
remains one of the poorest and the most economically fragile countries among
the other states of commonwealth. Poverty is the most considerable problem that
force Tajik people to move for another parts of the world to find more fitting
life conditions. Almost 50% of the population lives below the poverty line,
with $2 a day (Ryazantsev, 2016, p.4). Poor infrastructure stagnates the state’s
economy, because Tajikistan is a mountainous country and it makes
transportation a challenge. The big amount of rural residents suffer from
poverty, due to their physical remoteness and the lack of transportation
between their communities and employment centers. Remote rural areas provide
themselves even without having regular jobs by living on the livestock,
vegetables and fruits they grow. However, these seasonal jobs do not satisfy
all the residents of the villages. The lack of jobs in a given area and a high
rate of poverty prompts many citizens to search for job in nearby country. Following
the Civil War period (1992-1997), Tajikistan is succeeded in decreasing the
decent amount of poverty in the country, though it is hard to call Tajikistan
as an economically viable nation-state, providing sustainable development for
its citizens (Ryazantsev, 2016, p.4). Consequently, the poverty in Tajikistan
remains one of the main reasons for the citizens to leave their land.

The
environmental reason that force Tajik population to leave their land seems rare
nowadays, however, the moment that any disaster and flooding occur, there will
increase more demand for leaving a country. Tajikistan is a mountainous country
having many lakes and rivers in it, which always goes in favor of making
people’s lives better, however, sometimes it makes hurt the citizen’s
properties as well. Myhre’s (2012) study found the following: Challenges that
Tajikistan’s environment brings up hamper its development and affect the health
of the population in a gruesome way (Myhre, 2012, p.20). Therefore, the
agricultural actor of the state will be unsuccessful on feeding the population,
although the agriculture is the main sector both for development and
industrializing of the country. Statistics by Ryzantsev (2016) support the
issue, which determines that the migrants that leave Tajikistan are always the
population from rural and mountainous areas, which believe the conditions that
they have to live are not satisfying them anymore. Therefore, the environmental
issue which always have seemed regular in Tajikistan compel its citizens to
leave their land for better opportunities of living.   

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Although
economic and environmental problems seemed obvious reasons for migration, some
migrate for political reasons, too. Tajikistan has been an independent state
for over 25 years and shared always its democratic ideologies in the world’s
view. However, according to Myhre, Tajikistan being a democratic country for
some years still lacks the views that every democratic country should have,
such as free press and speech, which create a stable democracy (Myhre, 2012,
p.20). That is being said, the conclusion can be analyzed that Tajikistan is
still supports the authoritarian views on developing the country, which makes
no sense in real conditions where Tajikistan is right now. The youth which
strive to change something in the country are always under the supervision of
governmental organization. Furthermore, stating Myhre’s observation, young men
often leave straight after finishing school to avoid conscription, fearing
abuse and the risk of being sent to conflicts like those in Khorog during the
summer of 2012 (Myhre, 2012, p.21). Nevertheless, Tajikistan’s central power
seems imitating some other countries, such as Russia, by not allowing its
citizens to be responsible for their actions and having free views in public.
Does it not seem that, Tajikistan is dependent on Russia, for such actions? Yes,
there is still the influence of Russia on Tajikistan, which are partly shared
by Tajik citizens. Those people, which support the views, “old views”, strive
to migrate to be closer to the donor country for its opportunities. However,
most youngsters have to travel to find the safe shelter to express their
thoughts and views, even though remotely. Therefore, the political situation
which does not seem an obvious reason for migration from the foreign point of
views, however, still remains a challenging barrier on developing the country
and indeed, it forces some people to leave home in order to find a better life
with greater opportunities.

            In conclusion, collecting everything
that has been already discussed, Tajikistan remains a huge country that fills
the unstable sectors of Russian Federation with its labor migrants. The reasons
that labor migrants leave their home for the coming new life, can be find
either in politics or a place that they live in. But the main reason that
causes to leave the land remains the economy that seems weak in Tajikistan.
Furthermore, creating new opportunities for the youth also can make a big
contribution toward altering the labor migration. The environment of Tajikistan
is being improper for running many businesses does not make it worse, but makes
a vision to develop a specific sector on those opportunities. Therefore, these
reasons and issues, hopefully, will be discussed in a bigger manner of speech
and will have their proper solutions on making a stable economy, a democratized
politics and a safe environmental conditions.