Main nations involved with the bombing: The end of world war 2 was marked by the United states when they dropped the hiroshima bomb on Japan called “little boy”, making them both involved in this event. On the 7th of december 1941, Japan had started a war on the United States until 1942 when the U.S started attacking Japan through the Islands in the pacific held by Japan. With the advantage of the united states having an airbase very close to japan, they were able to attack Japan through atomic bombing. The bomb was dropped in Hiroshima, Japan. The U.S was the first ever country to use an atomic bomb which cause the Japanese to surrender after both the hiroshima and nagasaki bombs were dropped on the 6th and 9th of August 1945 and Japan was occupied for around 5 years.Motivations and reasons for the fighting for each side The United States decided to attack Japan through the use of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima because the US wanted to minimize american casualties that were caused by the war and so wanted the Japanese to surrender. The US also quickly decided to drop the bomb because they wanted to do it before the soviet union (russia) to be able to establish US dominance after it. And finally because the US wanted to be the first that used atomic bombs to observe the effect caused by it shortly after they tested the first atomic explosion in history on Trinity, New Mexico in 1945. While the US dropped the first atomic bomb on hiroshima, Japan did not surrender and this was because the Japanese strongly honor their culture and part of their culture is not to surrender and instead die for the nation, so they would keep fighting and continue the war until there is no one to fight anymore. Which was what motivated them not to give up although later on the U.S dropped another atomic bomb (Nagasaki) and that’s when the emperor had ordered the minister of war to surrender and just like war was really honored by their culture so was obeying the emperor and so they did surrender. Used strategies while in war:The United States had an advantage before the bombing, which helped them have a greater impact and an easier access for their political motivation of establishing an american dominance on the Japanese land before the soviet union. The U.S had its air base located in the tinian islands and that was where the Hiroshima bomb “little boy” launched from which was only 1,500 miles south of Tokyo. On the 6th of August B-29 took off (2:45 am) that carried the bomb and was piloted by Lt. Col. Paul tibbets who worked for the army of the United States. Later the bomb was dropped at 8:15am and it took a minute for it to explode. However the Japanese did not surrender and did not attack, because they did not believe that the United states would be able to drop another bomb as the soviet union had also declared war on Japan right after the Hiroshima bomb. And for the U.S to ensure that the Japanese would surender, 3 days later another atomic bomb was dropped (nagasaki), which was a great shock for the Japanese and the emperor believed that Japan was too weak to continue against the US or the Soviet Union and so they surrendered.Civilian casualties: The explosion was so strong that it killed 90% of civilians in Hiroshima as 80,000 were immediately killed and the rest that were exposed to radiation also had died later, the bomb had also left many with permanent damage and sicknesses because of the radiation exposure. The total number of casualties including injured and missing people had reached up to 135,000 people. Military casualties: While hiroshima was home to a huge Japanese population it was also where the 2nd Japanese army was located, from around 200,000 deaths only 10,000 of them were military casualties. After the Hiroshima bomb, came the nagasaki bomb with only 150 military casualties out of the total 140,000 casualties. And this was because Negaski had no military units.General Anami korechika and his involvement with the Hiroshima bombing : General Anami, was the minister of war year 1945. Having the highest position in the Japanese army helped make him very strong and powerful as he was also part of the decision making in the government. Anami honored is Japanese culture so much that he never surrendered no matter what, as it was something unquestionable to him. After the first atomic bombing (Hiroshima) by the US, many leaders in Japan decided a new approach was needed to war, however for Anami he thought that staking the battles in the Japanese mainland will increase the casualties of allies and give Japan a chance of not surrendering. Events and declarations began to increase tensely like the soviet union declaring war on Japan, both the hiroshima and nagasaki bomb. But all that did not change Anamia’s opinion on Japan’s war position, he believed and demanded the nation; “must fight to the end no matter how great the odds against us!” (John Toland, “The Rising Sun”, pg. 910). But there were some conditions which brings us to what Anami’ personal motivations and aspirations were including; Japan would disarm itself, there would be no allied occupying the Japanese mainland and the retention of the emperor. Although Anami was a powerful general, the emperor of Japan at the time (horirito) ended all of Anami’s goals by demanding to put an end to the war and surrendering on August 15 1945.Pictures written explanation:Picture 1: B-29 crew after dropping the “little boy” bomb on Hiroshima (August 6 1945) : Major Theodore Van Kirk, Pilot Colonel Paul Tibbets, Major Thomas Ferebee. Picture 2: First photograph released by the U.S government of Mockup of “Little boy”; an atomic bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan in 1945. Video 1: Boeing B-29 bomber aircraft, dropping the first atomic bomb used in history on Hiroshima, JapanPicture 3: General Anami Korechika, minister of war during the Hiroshima bombing incident who believed: “we must fight to the end no matter how great the odds against us!” (John Toland, “The Rising Sun”, pg. 910).