Learning disabilities, being concerned with difficulty
in learning things or subjects, the classification was done in accordance to
the degree of difficulties in learning.
lists them as follows:
Even though this is not regarded as
serious, it is however serious enough to attract the attention of the parents
and teachers. Learners with mild LD can be successfully integrated in the
general education classroom where delivery of education services will be shared
between the general and special educationist. If this condition is neglected,
it may become worse.
This condition is serious and it requires
intensive assistance to enable the child to succeed. Learners with moderate LD
require remedial instruction in a resource room. At the resource room, learners
have a opportunity to receive specific instruction while remaining integrated
with their friends in the school. In addition to the programmes being flexible
to fit the level of the learner, resource rooms have a variety of materials.
(iii) Severe learning disabilities
The child at this level cannot learn without
special materials, special method, and individualized educational program
(IEP). This being a very serious condition, learners require intensive and
comprehensive intervention, which ideally can be offered in a separate class
within the school or a separate school. While in a separate class, such
learners appear to have a better self-concept than in regular classrooms
possibly because regular class competition sets achievement criteria that these
learners cannot meet. With its lower teacher-pupil ratio, this setting offers
more intensive individualized instruction in which learners spend more time
learning and hence are able to make greater strides in both academic and social
areas (Smith, 1991).
It is possible that teachers will find one or more of
these classifications in classroom situations. A clear understanding off these
classifications will enable teachers to identify learners with LD and the
degree of learning difficulties.